Tip 1: How to tune your guitar

tune a guitar novice musicians have to literally from the first steps.There are two basic system - for six-and seven-string guitar.Some professional musicians use their own system, and you can master it, but first you need to learn how to configure the tool so as most musicians.
you need
  • - a tuning fork;
  • - tuner;
  • - piano.
Guide
1
Tuning forks come in several forms.Classic tuning fork on which special hammer hit, only gives the sound of "A".In this sound and you need to configure the first (that is the thinnest) string.If you shestistrunka, hold the first string at the fifth fret and turn the peg until the string is not going to sound in unison with the tuning fork.Do not forget that the frets are considered from the headstock.
2
Configure the first string can and piano, accordion and another tempered instrument.The easiest way to do this with the piano.Search for "la" first octave and adjust the sound on the first string, clamped at the fifth fret.
3
remaining six-string
guitar strings set up as follows.The second string at the fifth fret, hold and adjust in unison with the open first.Third string on the fourth fret hold.It should sound the same as the opening of a second.The fourth string is clamped at the fifth fret and configured by opening the third, fifth and sixth, and clamped at the fifth fret - on the open fourth and fifth respectively.
4
holder of seven-string guitars to tune the first string you need to hold it on the seventh fret and tune the sound "la" first octave.The second string is clamped on the third fret, and is built on an open first.Third string on the fourth fret sandwiched, has the same sound as the opening of a second.The fourth string need to hold on the fifth fret, it is adjusted on the opening of the third.
5
semistrunki lower strings are constructed in the same manner as the upper.The fifth string is clamped on the third fret and sounds in unison with the opening of the fourth.Six String, sandwiched on the fourth fret of the fifth under construction, and the seventh, which is clamped on the fifth fret, sounds in unison with the sixth.
6
setting seven-stringed guitar can be checked as follows.The fourth string at the twelfth fret squeezed, should sound in unison with the first, the fifth - in the second, sixth - the third, seventh - the fourth and the first octave.
7
If you have a tuning fork, which gives a few sounds, or tuner, you can try to do basic configuration of the strings on it.Open first string six-string guitar sound should give the "mi" of the first octave.The second string corresponds to the sound of "si" small octave, the third - "salt", the fourth - "D" of the same octave.The fifth string - "la" great octave, the sixth - "mi".Seven-stringed guitar is constructed from G major chord.The first, fourth and seventh strings produce sound "D", respectively, the first, low and high octaves.The second and fifth strings - "si" low and high octaves, third and sixth - "salt" of the same two octaves.

Tip 2: How to lower the strings on a guitar

On how close string located in the neck, depending on the convenience of playing guitar and extract audio quality.If you have difficulty in setting chords and guitar sound dull and fuzzy, try to lower the string .
Lowering the strings on a guitar
Guide
1
Adjust the height of the strings with a key.A method for altering the height of the strings against the frets to depend on the type of guitar.Most acoustic guitars have a special anchor bolt located at the base of the neck or inside the deck.Included in this tool is the hex key.To adjust the height of the strings to be inserted into the hex hole and three times to turn it clockwise.Then check how the strings sound .To do this, pull them by pinching on the first, fifth, seventh, ninth, twelfth and closest to the deck fret.If the sound is clear and string not rattle, you can lower them a little more.Continue to rotate the hexagon clockwise and check the sound of the guitar up until you hear the rattling.After that, turn the hex counterclockwise one or two times.So you will achieve pure string sound as close as possible in their position relative to the neck.
2
Work with doorsteps.Classical acoustic guitar does not come with anchor bolts.To change the height of the strings they have to change, or to file the bottom nut.Naturally, this will have to remove the strings .After removing the lower nut, file off it with a file on the side surface of the deck at issue, not strings, or replace it with a new one at a lower height.If you cut down too much, place a piece of plastic nut or a suitable thickness of the solid wood.Perhaps, after changing the height of the strings on the guitars will have to file or change the frets and deepen the front nut.If you are not confident in their abilities, have the tool specialist.
3
Use a screwdriver, if possible.For most electric and bass guitars have the option to change the height of the tension of each string separately.To do this, tighten or loosen the screws located at their base, with a screwdriver.
Note
anchor rod (anchor guitar) - a metal rod inside the guitar neck thickness of about 5-6 mm.At one end of the anchor (and sometimes both) is a bolt, by which to adjust the force of the tension rod.The tension in turn affect the degree of deflection of the neck.
Helpful Hint
is why was coined "anchor", which increases the structural strength of the neck, as well as allows you to adjust the deflection of the guitar neck.The main types of "anchors": 1. Single (classical) - the most common type of truss rod, one end of which the adjusting bolt and the other is fixed to the neck.
Sources:
  • how to change the guitar nut