Do not rush.With few exceptions, the author is not limited in time.Therefore adjust themselves to a leisurely, but productive work.The preparatory phase may take up to six months or more, and write a libretto itself out, maybe for a week or less.
idea and story.It is possible that it will come to you in part, as a puzzle: you will see the first appearance of the main character, then the main villain, and all the misfortunes, and then see the purpose of all these adventures.Collect material and record.If you "hear" the line next aria, too, recorded and stored until better times.
dramaturgy of opera is virtually identical to the
drama or movie theater.The action is divided into exposition, plot, development, climax, denouement may prologue.Count each time these episodes: respectively, 10 minutes, 10 minutes, 40-60 minutes, 10 minutes, maybe 10 minutes.
As you can see, the middle - the longest stretch.The situation is gradually complicated character more confused ... so that the audience is not bored during the constant exhausting discharge, divide it in half false culmination: for instance, the protagonist has achieved its original goal (made hands lover), but it was an empty shell (the girl is stupid or ugly,and, perhaps, her father a miser and longtime rival of the hero).He has to start all over again.
replicas.It's not just rhymed words, they need to sing.Therefore, try to trim simpler in the pronunciation of words with few consecutive consonants, avoid complex combinations.You can put in the mouth of the characters or the vernacular literary expression at will and discretion.The only criterion - the corresponding picture of the work.For example, an opera about emo teens can hardly contain elements of Pushkin's language.
Remarks.How many verbs as possible adjectives and participles.Do not describe the costumes and interiors - this is, artists, costume designers and stage workers.And in any case do not write out thoughts of characters: everything has to be spoken out loud.In an extreme case, leave the hint.