Tip 1: How to decipher the new Mayan calendar

famous Mayan calendar for decades has attracted the attention of researchers.The date of its completion - December 21, 2012 - is often mentioned in connection with the expectation of doomsday.However, not so long ago it became known that archeologists have found a new Mayan calendar does not end in 2012.
Guide
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well-known scientist Mayan calendar, on which many forecasters are predicting the end of the existence of humanity in December 2012, in fact, does not contain any mention of such a cataclysm.According to some researchers, December 21 only one end of the ages, before the end of which was made up calendar.
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One of the causes of the myth about the crash in 2012 was the ratio of the Mayan calendar and the Aztec beliefs.According to them, the completion of periods is accompanied by large disasters - earthquakes, floods, etc.But Maya is nothing to do, and try to Aztec beliefs of their calendar correctly.It should be noted that Aztec chronology at the end of 2012 does not have any chan
ge of epochs.
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Found in Central America, the new calendar suggests that humanity will exist for at ieree six thousand years.The find dates back to the IX century AD, excavations at the site of its discovery were launched in 2001 in the northern part of Guatemala.It is here that once existed one of the largest Maya cities - Shultun.
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For calendar details painted sun and moon cycles, the movement of the Earth, Venus and Mars.Special difficulties in its interpretation the researchers did not have as Maya writing has been well studied.It is worth noting that it deciphered Soviet historian Yuri Knorozov, published in 1963, the first work of Maya writing, and in 1975 he published a complete translation of the hieroglyphic manuscripts.Scientists believe that the calendar found in Guatemala, Mayan could be used for religious purposes or to serve as a guide in the study of astronomy.
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What will happen in December 2012?According to the beliefs of the Maya, every age has its own god.Thus begins a new era, a new world will rule on behalf of God Bolon Okte.His reign, according to a new Mayan calendar, runs until 7136 year.

Tip 2: What were the Mayan

Mayan civilization still excites the minds of researchers and science fiction.The mysterious disappearance of her, the knowledge held by the people, became the subject and research, and science fiction novels.At the same time, few people thought about how the Mayan looked at what is now the current race, they were similar.
What were the Mayans
Guide
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Ethnicity Mayan anthropologists today can not be attributed to any of the races - the Mayans are not like Mongoloid group, far from the Europeans.It is believed that the Maya are somewhat similar to "Armenoid" type of people and therefore one can see a certain similarity in the appearance of the people and the ancient Sumerians.
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According to the ideas of scientists, the Maya were brachycephalic, that is, they had a short, but wide head.Such an opinion has been formed by the images found during the excavations, and it is quite justified: the Maya was taken to form the head, squeezing their specific planks from an early age.Infants tightly tied boards to the skull eventually get a flat.
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As for the body, there is Mayan virtually indistinguishable from modern humans.The images can be seen and elderly people who are overweight, and athletic young men.It is not often, but there are images of male persons with a mustache, a beard, though on the whole male population of the Maya portrayed without facial hair.
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Persons Mayan - a broad cheekbones and aquiline noses.Growth of small males were slightly higher than women, their growth was about one and a half meters - the average growth of the modern teenager.
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Gen. Mayan was built around agriculture, they are grown mainly maize, sweet potatoes, beans, squash, cocoa and cotton.Products used for own use and for sale.The cultivation of the land of the Maya did not use animals, everything was done by the people.The main products that residents ate Mayan cities were tortillas.The main meal fell on the evening, the Mayans also had breakfast tortillas and beans.
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Maya drank a lot of chocolate, as grown cocoa beans.Roasted and ground, they were mixed with corn flour, a drink was prepared.In the gardens of the Maya grew and a lot of fruit - papaya, Annona, and melons are grown.
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House Maya were impractical and short-lived structures, built dwellings of twigs or wood, though sometimes on a stone base.Maya lived where there was cold, and therefore built the house, and wore clothes only to cover nakedness - loincloths and capes.At night, they are, however, hid a thin blanket, called the mantle.
Sources:
  • how to work in the Maya