Pandora - the most famous Ukrainian instrument
Bandura - a plucked stringed instrument similar to a harp.It is a wooden deck with 25-60 strings.Housing pandora symmetrical - the neck is a bit on the side.Some of the strings stretched over a stamp, and a part is attached directly to the deck.Playing bandura is done by pinching the strings with your fingers.This instrument was brought from Poland, but Ukraine has got a few changes.Under bandura sung tales, thoughts and ballads wandering bards.This use of a musical instrument as an accompaniment to folk art prevailed until the 20th century.Only after 1940 began to appear professional works written especially for the bandura. first bandura had only 12-20 strings, but eventually become complicated and increase in size.Because of this, "Bandura" began to call all bulky items.
Torban - Ukrainian lute
Torban like on Pandora, but his body is symmetrical.It has an oval deck and longer than that of Pandora, the vulture.Number of strings Torban ranges from 30 to 60. Bass strings are strung on the auxiliary head - tor - which is located on the main.This tool has spread in the 17-18 century and was very popular in the Ukrainian feasts.Play for torbane was very difficult - one musician at the same time pressed the strings to the body, while others zaschipyvaem fingers.Craft Tool was also quite expensive.Therefore Torban popularity slowly declined, and in the 20th century it was finally removed from the list of concert instruments. one of the last musicians playing torbane was Vasyl Shevchenko.His instrument is kept in the Museum of Musical Culture named after MIGlinka.
Trembita - colorful wind instrument
Trembita was extended to the south-west of Ukraine, in the Carpathian Mountains.This original tool looks like a long wooden tube wrapped in birch bark.By the end of the tube expands slightly.The length of trembita may reach four meters.Pitch of the instrument depends on the size Pishchik inserted into the narrow end, as well as the skill of the musician.It is noteworthy that Trembita usually made only from the trees, which was struck by lightning.Its creation required a special skill, because the walls of the instrument should be no more than 7 mm.Trembita sound can be heard for several kilometers, so it is widely used to alert the Carpathian herdsmen of various events.Also on trembita played during funerals and weddings.Now the tool is used in folk bands, and sometimes it plays in the orchestra.