Tip 1: How to dilute the paint

It happens - bought the paint, put aside, after a while decided to use, as it had already withered.No need to despair, all fixable.
you need
  • - paint
  • - solvent
  • - wooden or plastic rod or other tool for mixing
  • - hermetically sealed mixing container
Guide
1
Firstall you need to decide what you need to dilute the paint.Paints on the basis of their divided into oil and water based paints.The latter include watercolor, gouache, acrylic.
Accordingly, in order to dilute the oil-based paint, the solvents need based on essential oils, and suitable for dilution vodoemulsionku ordinary water.Although in recent years the market offers special chemical compositions to dilute water-based paints.
2
main disadvantage of oily solvents - their pungent, suffocating odor.If their use is necessary to use gloves to protect your hands, and make better use of the respirator or at least ventilate the area for the entire period of work and at their end.
least safe are mineral spirits, turpentine (tur
pentine).The most harmful - acetone solvent and xylene.

In Soviet times, enjoyed great popularity linseed oil, but lately it almost does not apply.The thing is that when dry it forms a thin film layer, which eventually bursts, and painted with linseed oil product becomes unsightly.
3
In principle, the solvent is needed only at the moment of paint application.After the paint coating products to solvent evaporation phase begins.No need to dilute them once a large number of colors, a paint store is still not possible.The higher the quality of the solvent, the faster the evaporation phase, the less you'll have to breathe unpleasant odor.In addition, low-quality solvents after evaporation of the product can cover colored stains grease and other contaminants.So do not skimp on their physical and mental health, buy only high-tech materials.

Tip 2: How to dilute oil paints

Oil paint - this is an excellent material for painting.They leave a clear and vivid brushstrokes allow to achieve unexpected and bold colors and transitions and more durable than watercolor or gouache.No wonder most of the immortal paintings of great artists created it in oils.Any of these colors is one small drawback - they dry.But do not worry, even the very dried oil paints can be thinned.
How to dilute oil paints
you need
  • artistic varnish, turpentine, vegetable oil, white
Guide
1
To make the paint more fluid and return it necessary to workconsistency, using solvents.Of course, you can dilute the paint and solvent conventional construction, which is sold at any hardware store, but it is better to buy a special solvent for painting.These funds over time, do not give a yellow tint in the paint and have less intense odor.Be sure to talk with the seller in the art store, and if in doubt, ask him to help you.
2
Try to dilute the oil paint.For decorative paints suit any vegetable oil, but more often used linen.It is also perfectly suited for this purpose an ordinary turpentine or paint art.Keep in mind that when diluted oil paints can lose color and look much paler, but after evaporation of the solvent of shade returns to the original.It is therefore necessary to dilute the paint very carefully, constantly checking the result in a separate trial canvas.For a softer effect, use a mixture of artistic lacquer, oil and turpentine in equal proportions.
3
adjust the amount of the solvent very carefully.Improper ratio of solvent can make the paint too loose, depriving it of its original properties.In addition, even if the color and the structure will not change much diluted oil paint will be worse to stay on the canvas, as the solvent destroys the link in the paint.If the ratio of paint and solvent properly chosen, they increase the permeability of the paint and contribute to a more lasting consolidation of it on the canvas, making the top layer stronger.
Note
should be remembered that the properties of the solvent, which you choose for your paint drying speed depends on the work on the canvas.If you need to paint was drying faster, better focus on the artistic or turpentine varnish, and if you need a longer drying - add the butter mixture in the required proportions.
Helpful Hint
If diluted oil paints, you want to make them a shade less bright and intense, must be added to the solvent or lacquer white or light color warm hue.
Sources:
  • than plant oil paints
Sources:
  • picture to article